Synopsis


#include <glib.h>


            GPatternSpec;
GPatternSpec* g_pattern_spec_new            (const gchar *pattern);
void        g_pattern_spec_free             (GPatternSpec *pspec);
gboolean    g_pattern_spec_equal            (GPatternSpec *pspec1,
                                             GPatternSpec *pspec2);
gboolean    g_pattern_match                 (GPatternSpec *pspec,
                                             guint string_length,
                                             const gchar *string,
                                             const gchar *string_reversed);
gboolean    g_pattern_match_string          (GPatternSpec *pspec,
                                             const gchar *string);
gboolean    g_pattern_match_simple          (const gchar *pattern,
                                             const gchar *string);

Description

The g_pattern_match* functions match a string against a pattern containing '*' and '?' wildcards with similar semantics as the standard glob() function: '*' matches an arbitrary, possibly empty, string, '?' matches an arbitrary character.

Note that in contrast to glob(), the '/' character can be matched by the wildcards, there are no '[...]' character ranges and '*' and '?' can not be escaped to include them literally in a pattern.

When multiple strings must be matched against the same pattern, it is better to compile the pattern to a GPatternSpec using g_pattern_spec_new() and use g_pattern_match_string() instead of g_pattern_match_simple(). This avoids the overhead of repeated pattern compilation.

Details

GPatternSpec

typedef struct _GPatternSpec GPatternSpec;

A GPatternSpec is the 'compiled' form of a pattern. This structure is opaque and its fields cannot be accessed directly.


g_pattern_spec_new ()

GPatternSpec* g_pattern_spec_new            (const gchar *pattern);

Compiles a pattern to a GPatternSpec.

pattern : a zero-terminated UTF-8 encoded string.
Returns : a newly-allocated GPatternSpec.

g_pattern_spec_free ()

void        g_pattern_spec_free             (GPatternSpec *pspec);

Frees the memory allocated for the GPatternSpec.

pspec : a GPatternSpec.

g_pattern_spec_equal ()

gboolean    g_pattern_spec_equal            (GPatternSpec *pspec1,
                                             GPatternSpec *pspec2);

Compares two compiled pattern specs and returns whether they will match the same set of strings.

pspec1 : a GPatternSpec.
pspec2 : another GPatternSpec.
Returns : Whether the compiled patterns are equal.

g_pattern_match ()

gboolean    g_pattern_match                 (GPatternSpec *pspec,
                                             guint string_length,
                                             const gchar *string,
                                             const gchar *string_reversed);

Matches a string against a compiled pattern. Passing the correct length of the string given is mandatory. The reversed string can be omitted by passing NULL, this is more efficient if the reversed version of the string to be matched is not at hand, as g_pattern_match() will only construct it if the compiled pattern requires reverse matches.

Note that, if the user code will (possibly) match a string against a multitude of patterns containing wildcards, chances are high that some patterns will require a reversed string. In this case, it's more efficient to provide the reversed string to avoid multiple constructions thereof in the various calls to g_pattern_match().

Note also that the reverse of a UTF-8 encoded string can in general not be obtained by g_strreverse(). This works only if the string doesn't contain any multibyte characters. Glib offers the g_utf_strreverse() function to reverse UTF-8 encoded strings.

pspec : a GPatternSpec.
string_length : the length of string.
string : the UTF-8 encoded string to match.
string_reversed : the reverse of string or NULL.
Returns : TRUE if string matches pspec.

g_pattern_match_string ()

gboolean    g_pattern_match_string          (GPatternSpec *pspec,
                                             const gchar *string);

Matches a string against a compiled pattern. If the string is to be matched against more than one pattern, consider using g_pattern_match() instead while supplying the reversed string.

pspec : a GPatternSpec.
string : the UTF-8 encoded string to match.
Returns : TRUE if string matches pspec.

g_pattern_match_simple ()

gboolean    g_pattern_match_simple          (const gchar *pattern,
                                             const gchar *string);

Matches a string against a pattern given as a string. If this function is to be called in a loop, it's more efficient to compile the pattern once with g_pattern_spec_new() and call g_pattern_match_string() repetively.

pattern : the UTF-8 encoded pattern.
string : the UTF-8 encoded string to match.
Returns : TRUE if string matches pspec.